The term "mental breakdown" refers to a period of severe mental suffering. A person who has a psychological disorder cannot operate in their daily life during this period. It's as though they've had their backbones ripped out from under them. Their identity has been shattered, causing them to question their convictions and devalue their value.

Depression can make you miserable and cause problems in your daily life, such as at school, at work, or in relationships. One thing the depressed are probably acutely aware of is how their current behavior is affecting the individuals closest to them. It aggravates the situation. It could imply that a normal existence at home, at work, and in social circumstances is no longer possible. There appears to be no end in sight, adding to the sense of hopelessness.

Major Signs Of Mental Breakdown

The major signs of mental breakdown are:

  • Uncontrollable anxiousness
  • Feeling lonely
  • Feeling overburdened
  • Be moody
  • Be irrational
  • Have hallucinations
  • Traumatic incident
  • Feel paranoid
  • Suicidal thoughts

Reasons For Mental Breakdown

Traits that are passed down via the generations. Those who have a mental illness in their family are more likely to develop mental illness. Certain genes may increase your risk of mental illness, and your living situation may also play a role.

Mental illnesses can be linked to environmental pressures, inflammatory diseases, toxins, alcohol, and drugs while in the womb.

Neurotransmitters are brain chemicals that carry signals from different sections of the brain and body to other parts of the brain and body. When brain networks involving these compounds are damaged, the function of nerve receptors and nerve systems alters, leading to depression and other emotional problems.

Stages Of Mental Breakdown

There are four stages of mental breakdown:

Warning Signs And Mild Symptoms

At Stage 1, a person begins to display mental health disorder symptoms, but they may still function at home, work, or school—though perhaps not as well as they could before the symptoms appeared. A lot these days, something "doesn't feel right."

Interfere With Life Activities

At this point, it is typically clear that something is amiss. Symptoms may develop greater and persist longer, or new symptoms may begin to appear on top of existing ones, creating a snowball effect. Work or school performance will deteriorate, and a person may struggle to balance family obligations, social obligations, and personal responsibilities.

Destruction Of Life

Symptoms have continued to worsen in severity during Stage 3, and many symptoms are frequently occurring simultaneously. A person may feel as if they are losing control of their lives and their capacity to fulfill their responsibilities at home, work, or school.

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Severe Effects

By Stage 4, a combination of severe, long-lasting, and persistent symptoms and impairment can lead to the development of various health issues and a crisis event such as unemployment, hospitalization, homelessness, or even jail. Untreated mental diseases can lead to death 25 years earlier in the worst-case scenario.

Types Of Mental Breakdown

  • Anxiety disorders
  • Children's behavior and emotional disorders
  • Bipolar affective disorder (BAD)
  • Depression
  • Dissociation and dissociative disorders
  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a type of anxiety condition.
  • Paranoia
  • PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) is social anxiety.
  • Psychosis

Treatment Of Mental Breakdown

Treatment for depression includes:

  • Self-help
  • Counseling
  • Alternative medicine
  • Medication
  • Brain stimulation therapy

Moreover, medications and counseling may be used to treat a nervous breakdown, depending on the scenario, the diagnosis, and the person's wants. Medicines can aid in treating underlying mental health issues like depression or anxiety. Counseling or cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), a talking therapy that tries to eliminate the habit of negative thinking, may be used in therapy. Stress and anxiety can be alleviated by making simple lifestyle modifications. It may be beneficial to work on your nutrition, exercise, and sleep patterns. A nutritious diet can boost your energy levels, enhance your sleep habits, help you fight sickness, and keep you from feeling fatigued. You could also eliminate stimulants from your diet, such as caffeine, to aid with anxiety and sleep. As a rule, drugs and alcohol should be avoided.


Lifestyle modifications like avoiding drugs and alcohol and reducing your day-to-day stress level can help you prevent a nervous breakdown. They can also assist in reducing their severity and duration. You can make changes on your own, but it may be more helpful to work with a healthcare professional to create a treatment plan that best meets your healthcare needs.

Please book an appointment with the Best General Physician in Lahore, Karachi, Islamabad, and all major cities of Pakistan through InstaCare, or call our helpline at 03100002273 to find a verified doctor for your disease.